An analysis of a laboratory esterification experiment on salicylic acid

Fill the capillary tube with dry purified product. The information on how aspirin is carried out in industry will be established using various text books and internet sources that will be referenced at a later date. The phenol group that will attack the carbonyl carbon of the acetic anhydride is the —OH group that is directly attached to the benzene since it is more basic than the —OH group attached to the carbonyl group.

This method is only suitable for preparing small samples for characterisation by odour. If crystals do not form, place the 25 mL Erlenmeyer flask on a hot plate at degrees Celsius with a boiling stone in the mixture. Next a melting point test was performed on the purified aspirin product.

Ester Preparation Lab

Next, place a few crystals of the crude product in a test tube labeled A and put to the side for later use. Esters are volatile liquids which are not ionized and they are soluble in organic solvents but not in water.

For example, when acetic acid reacts with ethyl alcohol, the ester formed is called ethyl acetate. The third factor that caused a low percent yield of our purified product was that when we vacuum filtered our purified product, some of our purified product fell through the filter and into the side arm flask.

Leave the mL Erlenmeyer flask that contains the mixture in its ice bath and allow it to cool for an extra 5 minutes. The percent yield of purified aspirin product was 5. Clean and dry any glassware used and return it to the appropriate location.

The third test tube labeled C is a control.

Synthesis of Aspirin Lab Report

Taking this into account, the actual mass of the purified aspirin product is reduced to 0. There were many reasons to this. The purified product started to melt at 86 degrees Celsius and finished completely melting at degrees Celsius.

Therefore when heating, heat was constantly being imputed into the system. Crystallization should begin once the solution reaches room temperature. Place the test tube in the melting point apparatus checker.

Synthesis of Acetyl Salicylic Acid (Aspirin) Essay

Make sure to get as much of the product into the Buchner funnel as possible. The third test tube labeled C is a control. The smell was distinguished by the different compounds that were created in the dehydration synthesis reaction.

Tap the crystal product down to the bottom of the capillary tube. We could have accidentally boiled off some of our product. Record the temperature range that the sample melts within. Test tube C was our control.

Synthesis of Aspirin Lab Report

It was hard to see the figures and it was old and had scratches on the panel. The report also mentions how there are factors in the production of aspirin and how they affect the yield and purity. Very small test tube Reaction Equations: Vacuum filtration was the technique used for separating the solid aspirin product from the solvent or liquid reaction mixture.

After the mixture has heated for 10 minutes, remove it from the water bath and allow it to cool to room temperature. The salicylic acid turned into a dark purple color when mixed with the iron III chloride solution, which was expected since salicylic acid has phenol groups.

Make sure while heating, in equal intervals agitate the mixture carefully to ensure the sulphuric acid is dispersed. After 5 minutes if the product has not completely dissolved, add 5mL more of ethyl acetate. Sulfuric acid serves as the acid catalyst since its conjugate base is a strong deprotonating group that is necessary in order for this reaction to be reversible.

As a result the vapour or gases formed in the reaction could have travelled up into reflux tube and left the system. Percent yield problems allow us to calculate what percent of the expected product we are able to account for by the end of our experiment.Ester Preparation Lab Introduction: An ester is an organic compound which is created from a reaction between an acid and an alcohol, usually with the loss of water.

· Is there is a trend in the smells of the esters produced between salicylic acid and a homologous series of alcohols? Does cis / trans isomerism affect the smell of an ester? (This was determined by making esters with cis- butene-1,4-dioic acid and trans -butene-1,4-dioic acid) /blog//design-experiments-with-esters.

carboxylic acid with an alcohol, an esterification, its analogues, amidation for example, and the reverse reactions, ester hydrolysis for example, are essential to life as we know it. Today’s reaction, the reaction of salicylic acid with methanol, is not a vitally //Esterification-Salicylic-Acid.

· Salicylic acid has an -OH group (an alcohol) and a carboxyl group -COOH (an organic acid). The acid portion of the molecule is one of the factors that cause irritation in the stomach.

In addition to irritation caused by acidity, aspirin causes stomach irritation by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, hormones responsible for slowing  · Spiraea ulmaria, the meadow sweet flower, from which salicylic acid had been isolated. In this experiment, Le Chȃtelier’s principle and esterification of the phenolic hydroxyl group of of the phenolic hydroxyl group of salicylic acid will be used to synthesize aspirin.

Unlike the original Bayer Laboratory synthesis, Reaction for /4b. CHEM Lab Manual /04 Experiment 10 51 Experiment 10 Fischer Esterification: An ester from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol Emil Fischer ().

An analysis of a laboratory esterification experiment on salicylic acid

After discovering phenylhydrazine as a graduate student, he is best known for all.

An analysis of a laboratory esterification experiment on salicylic acid
Rated 5/5 based on 94 review